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Primates are the most frequent family of animals to suffer with dental caries. The reason for this is partly due to the morphology of the teeth and the highly refined carbohydrates some animals are given in their diet. The carbohydrate may be in the form of sweets, chocolates or sugary drinks.

Because of the difficulty of monitoring the success of conservative therapy in these relatively destructive oral environments, the appropriateness of restorations in the way of standard fillings must be assessed extremely carefully.

Rampant caries that exposed the pulp cavities and weakened the teeth to the extent where their long term prognosis could not be assured. (Hamlyn’s Owl-Faced Monkey)

Grey translucency can be an indication of interstitial caries. Considerable experience is required to diagnose such lesions without the aid of radiography, which is not always available. (Orang Utan)

Gross caries of a mandibular molar demonstrating pulp polyp arising from one canal, while a buccal abscess is discharging through a sinus tract from the periapical region of the distal canal. (Orang Utan)

Cervical caries where restoration of the defect was judged to be restorable. (Orang Utan)

Cervical cavity restored with glass ionomer cement. Same animal as in previous photograph, but a different quadrant.

Restoration 18 months later.

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