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Periodontal Disease

In domestic carnivores periodontal disease is universally very common due to host response and dietary reasons. 

In Europe, the Middle and Far East, periodontal disease in zoo carnivores is rare due to the relatively natural self cleansing diet they are fed on. North American establishments frequently feed their carnivores a soft, "predigested" diet, that has no self cleansing properties. 

Hence the animals often suffer with periodontal degeneration.

A lesion that was suspected to be malignant was block resected, but histopathology proved it to be benign and of periodontal origin. (Mained Wolf)

One year post-operative follow up. (Mained Wolf)

Secondary periodontal defect and calculus formation almost certainly caused by occlusal trauma and pulp necrosis by biting on a hard object such as a stone. (Brown Bear)

Gingivitis associated with a cervical resorption lesion. (Leopard)

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