Primates can suffer the same range of traumatic dental injuries as other mammals. Endodontic therapy is a treatment option if an excellent long term term prognosis can be assured. Invariably logitudial fractures require extraction.

Longitudinal fracture of an incisor. (Chimpanzee)

Longitudinal fracture line in the crown of a mandibular molar causing severe pain. It required extraction. (Lowland Gorilla)

Pulp necrosis illustrated by the generalised discolouration of the tooth. A buccal sinus tract was also present. The cause was almost certainly through biting on a hard object. (Chimpanzee)

ZOODENT INTERNATIONAL     29A Brook Street, London W1K 4HE, Great Britain           tel: +(44) 020 7629 3262          E-mail: