Elephant tusks are the largest teeth that require treatment.
These vulnerable structures are often fractured in the wild and in zoos, with the pulp inside becoming exposed and infected. This can become a serious threat to the life of the animal and numerous cases have been reported where the sudden death of an elephant was contributed to an infected tusk.
The most appropriate therapy of these exposures must be judged on the merit of each case, whether conservative therapy is practical or advisable; or if extraction is mandatory. Elephant tusk surgery requires more specialised equipment and experience than any other aspect of veterinary dentistry and should not be taken lightly.